It seems that besides comfort, speed, simplicity, and the improvement of productivity in general, they represent a radical change in the educational process. The incorporation of Information and Communication Technologies in education opens up a wide range of opportunities and possibilities in the education sector contributing to the improvement of teaching and learning processes:
- They allow access to a large amount of information quickly and easily
- They offer a very diversified information
- Develop search and information selection skills
- Encourage cooperative learning and continuous interaction
- Improve educational effectiveness
- Promote education on demand. The training processes are open and flexible, not limiting the educational possibilities only to nearby environments
- Raise the motivation and interest of students.
However, to take advantage of all the benefits of new technologies, it is necessary to promote their integration in humanity.
We live in the 21st century, in the era of the Internet and the Knowledge and Information Society, and for that reason, we have to adapt the educational system to the new times. But to achieve this, the integration process must be approached from several perspectives.
The family environment plays a vital role in the process of integrating ICT in society.
The utilization of new advancements by youngsters is mainly done from the homes. Therefore, to encourage the use of ICT in education, it is necessary to emphasize the knowledge and assessment that parents have towards the use and interaction with ICT to reduce the digital divide.
However, the use of ICTs by young people not only affects families and schools, but it is also essential to take into account the young people’s own choices based on their interests and their own decisions.
To achieve the integration of new technologies in the educational field, it is necessary to develop a methodology. However, it is not a simple change because it is not enough to supply the educational centers with computer equipment, but also the process must be approached from the difference in the organization of the educational institutions and above all the skills teachers’ digital
It is necessary to set a new scenario in the relations between teachers, students, and the educational system, with special emphasis on the evaluation of teaching and learning processes.
According to the preliminary report of the TICSE 2.0 project (TICSE, 2011), “traditional educational materials (such as textbooks and blackboards) are still the most used resources in the Escuela 2.0 classrooms despite the abundance of digital technology “
To achieve greater integration of ICT in education, it is essential to promote the training of teachers in digital skills that allow the incorporation of new technologies in the daily practice of pedagogues.
The director of the Research Group “Didactics and Multimedia” Pere Marques considers that there are six keys to a good integration of ICT in Education that is mainly based on the attitude of teachers towards ICT.
Phases of Integration of ICT in Education
As for Alvaro Marchesi, secretary of the Organization of Ibero-American Markets, the main task is to get students to improve their learning with the use of information technologies.
It seems that although there are several methods and perspectives in the process of integrating new technologies in education, all pursue a common goal: the achievement of a more effective, inclusive, modern and egalitarian school.